Mensuration is a topic in Geometry which is a branch of mathematics. Mensuration deals with length, area and volume of different kinds of shape- both 2D and 3D. So moving ahead in the introduction to Mensuration, let us discuss what are 2D and 3D shapes and the difference between them.
Introduction to Mensuration is important to help you clear your basics and master this important topic for IBPS PO, IBPS Clerk, SBI PO, SBI Clerk, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL and other competitive exams. We have all studied this topic in high school and know that it is a formula oriented topic.
There are specific formulas for different parameters, we put the values in these Mensuration formulas and get the desired answers. But at the same time, it is also a calculation-heavy topic so it is crucial that you use smart methods for these calculations.
2D Shape :
2D shape is a shape that is bounded by three or more straight lines or a closed circular line in a plane. These shapes have no depth or height. They have two dimensions length and breadth. Therefore called 2D figures or shapes. For 2D shapes, we measure Perimeter (P) and Area (A).
3D Shape :
3D shape is a shape that is bounded by a number of surfaces or planes. These are also referred to as solid shapes. These shapes have height or depth unlike 2D shapes, they have three dimensions Length, Breadth and Height/Depth and therefore they are called 3D figures. 3D shapes are actually made up of a number of 2D shapes. Also, know as solid shapes, for 3D shapes we measure Volume (V), Curved Surface Area (CSA), Lateral Surface Area (LSA) and Total Surface Area (TSA).